Atticus knew that people might do something to

Atticus is one of the main characters in the Harper Lee’s fabled novel: To Kill a Mockingbird. He is the lone-father of two children: Jem and Scout. He works as a lawyer in Maycomb County, a small Alabama town. He is someone that is portrayed as a gentleman that prefers to settle disputes with words rather than fists. For instance, when the main antagonist of the novel, Robert Lee Ewell, after winning the case, walks up to Atticus at the post office curses him then spits on him and threatened to murder him (Lee 291). Mr. Ewell bellowed at Atticus, “Too proud to fight, you n*****-lovin’ b******?” Atticus said, “No, too old,” (291) and Atticus was on his way off. He was the kind of person that would love nothing more than to bury himself away in a book. He is a lawyer that is known for a strange yet noteworthy skill. “… he can make somebody’s will so airtight can’t anybody meddle with it.” (120) In fact, he is one of the most knowledgeable and wise men in the county, if not the most. Since he is so well enlightened, it would only make sense for him to have a few moral lessons and principles of his own. In To Kill a Mockingbird, Atticus teaches his children moral lessons which cause his children to understand the way life in Maycomb County is. These lessons are about standing up for what is right, empathy, and about one’s conscience.       The first lesson that Atticus shares with his children are that you need to be courageous enough to stand up for what you believe is right. When the whole town was shaming Atticus for taking the case of Tom Robinson, he has a conversation with Scout explaining why he chose to do this case. He tells Scout that he knows he is going to lose the case, Scout further asks. Atticus replies, “Simply because we were licked a hundred years before we started is no reason for us not to try to win.” (101) Atticus does this case simply for his pride, he briefly mentions that if he wouldn’t do this case he wouldn’t be able to hold his head up high. If he were to walk away from a case that he knew he was to lose, he would lose all self-respect he has for himself. He was very courageous. He knew that people might do something to him or his children but he was trying to teach his children another lesson. Atticus says, ” I wanted you to see what real courage is, instead of getting the idea that courage is a man with a gun in his hand. It’s when you know you’re licked before you begin but you begin anyway and you see it through no matter what. You rarely win, but sometimes you do.” (149) He taught this lesson so that his children would learn to always face their problems instead of walking away from them.The second lesson is that you can’t understand someone until you consider their perspective. “First of all,” Atticus said, “if you can learn a simple trick, Scout, you’ll learn to get along with all kinds of folks. You never really understand a person until you consider things from his point of view – until you climb into his skin and walk around in it.” (39) Atticus teaches this lesson to Scout because she was having trouble getting along with others. She would always get into arguments simply because she wasn’t willing to consider things from others’ perspectives. The power of this lesson is shown in another situation when Atticus spends the night outside the jail and the mob comes to leech Atticus, the children stand up for Atticus so he tells them: “So it took an eight-year-old child to bring ’em to their senses, didn’t it? That proves something – that a gang of wild animals can be stopped, simply because they’re still human… you children last night made Walter Cunningham stand in my shoes for a minute. That was enough.” Walter Cunningham and his mob would have harmed Atticus indefinitely. However, since Scout made them stop to think about what they were going to do, he stopped and turned away.  The third and final lesson that Atticus taught is that it is immoral to hurt something innocent. For Christmas, Atticus buys Jem and Scout air-rifles. One day Atticus divulged to Jem, “I’d rather you shot at tin cans in the backyard, but I know you’ll go after birds. Shoot all the bluejays you want, if you can hit ’em, but remember it’s a sin to kill a mockingbird.” (119) After hearing this, Scout reveals that this was the one time that Atticus said it was a sin to do something, so she asks Miss Maudie regarding this matter. “Your father’s right,” she said. “Mockingbirds don’t do one thing but make music for us to enjoy. They don’t eat up people’s gardens, don’t nest in corncribs, they don’t do one thing but sing their hearts out for us. That’s why it’s a sin to kill a mockingbird.” (119) The mockingbird as mentioned before is an innocent creature that lives to give humans pleasure. They only sing and whistle and don’t harm anything else. They are used by Lee as a symbol. Later in the book when Mr. Ewell tries to finish Jem and Scout off, he is unable to and instead manages to kill himself. Mr. Ewell tried to kill them because Atticus made a fool out of him in the trial. The children are referred to as mockingbirds. Innocent, sweet, and guilt free. This was also the reason why Arthur Radley repeatedly tries to save the children because if something is the opposite of a sin then it must be a virtue. This was one of the larger turning points in the novel and major enough that the author titled the book: To Kill a Mockingbird.Atticus was a person of deep meaning and complex understanding. He taught everything that he thought was good for his children to know. Although he was a single parent he did raise two fine young children that will grow to be well-principled people. These principles, however, are not only beneficial for Jem and Scout to learn but for everyone to implement on. Every person can learn them and make them their basic morals as well. They can teach people different things like how to get along with others, why they shouldn’t harm the innocent, and why they should always fight for what might seem to be a losing battle. All of these lessons will eventually make sense to Jem and Scout and they will learn to implement them.