British by the hostile local powers on the

coastal colonies, trading ports and military architecture:

Of all the early architectural activities in
the port cities, defence was undoubtedly of paramount importance surrounded as
the cities were by the hostile local powers on the one hand and by European
rivals on the other.i Early
colonial port activity was purely a matter of storing and transporting goods to
Europe and is indicative of designs of ports as per different shorelines along
the west coast of Maharashtra. The British created spaces importing
construction knowledge, urban design theories and values of economic invested
in the port town of Mumbai. While often overlooked as a footnote in the
historiography of the British imperial ruleii,
planning and architecture can actually be seen to be the ultimate expression of
Imperial power and central to the empire’s economic development.  The defences consisted of a fortress shape like
an irregular quadrangle with elaborate bastions and curtains.  The pattern of development in coastal
colonies is evident to be firstly focused on creating a safe trading space for
ships travelling from the orient to Europe, however defences were becoming
symbols of British presence on the continent, and it was the port cities that
were the canvas for which this impression was to be made.iii

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area of Bombay was controlled by the Portuguese from 1534 until 1661, when it
was ceded to the English as part of the marriage dowry Catherine of Braganza.
In 1668, the directors of the English East India ordered the construction of a
custom house, warehouse and quay around the Portuguese settlement on Bombay
Island. In the 1670s, under the governorship of Gerald Aungier, Bombay was
developed as a trading centre. In 1716, his plans for a walled town with
bastions were implemented by a later governor, Charles Boone. By 1710, the fort
included a magazine, quarters for soldiers and two water tanks. This engraving
shows two views of the fort, one from the landward side and the other from the

i Mitter. P, ‘The
Early British Port cities of India: Their Planning and Architecture Circa
1640-1757’ Journal of the Society of
Architectural Historians, Vol.45, No.2 (Jun., 1986) p.102

ii Davies. P,
‘Splendours of the Raj, British Architecture in India 1660-1947’
(Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1987) p.12

iii Cameron Hirst;
‘The Planning of power:  Colonial Planning
and Architecture in Indian Port Cities’;                                                                                                               

iv The British
Library; 26 March 2009; Retrieved on 16
July 2017 at 01.00 IST