Carter wasn’t until January of 1692 when Elizabeth

Carter Cobb1/6/17 Pd. 6Mrs. Donovan Salem Witch Trials – 1692How It All Began: The idea of witches came about from Christians and their beliefs that the devil chose people to become witches. The devil did this to harm other people and gain the loyalty of the people he chose. It wasn’t until January of 1692 when Elizabeth and Abigail Williams ages 9 and 11 started performing random actions this led to the Salem witch trials blowing  up. The local doctor thought the girls were acted on by a supernatural force. Following the girls outrageous actions three women were blamed for condemning the supernatural force on them. Tituba, Sarah Good, and Sara Osborne. This is what started the “snowball effect”. Everyone started to get suspicious of each other and accused people for witchcraft. These actions got out of control and led to over 200 people being accused and 20 people executed. I feel that if the three women that were accused of condemning Elizabeth and Abigail were tried with evidence the entire snowball effect could have been avoided. I do believe an act like this could happen again. If a government fell, people would get out of control and blame each other for bad events that happen. Then, a leader will rise up and make the place horrible. They will accuse others and act innocent just to protect themselves. How it all began scource: https://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/a-breif-history-of-the-salem-witch-trials-175162489/Biographies:Name: Bridget Bishop  -She was an accused person           Facts: She married three times because of deaths of former husbands. During all of her marriages she had no children. She was accused more times than any other person because of her extravagant lifestyle. She liked to wear black clothes. On June 10th she was executed.          Her involvement in the Salem witch trials: She was accused of witchcraft practices on Mercy Lewis, Ann Putnam and, others. She was the main target.          The overall impact of her trial made people accuse others less for a month. Questions of the methods that courts took to deal with the accused began to arise.           My thoughts on her are that she was no more than a regular person and since everyone was fed up with the witch problem she was targeted the most just because of the way she lived.          Other info: Even at her execution she still believed she was innocent.      2)  Name: John Hathorne – He was a judge at the time.           Facts: He was born on August 5, 1641 in Salem. He was the son of a farmer but he was more into politics. He won a position as a judge. He took compliates of witches very seriously.         His involvement in the Salem Witch Trials: He was a Judge.         The impact of his trials made the situation worse as he sentenced Burroughs to death.         My thoughts on him are that he was just going along with the times. I understand it was a bad time but it was his job to sentence people with consequences. Other info: His great-great grandson Nathaniel Hawthorne added a “w” in his last name to try and separate himself from John because of his involvement during the witch trials.     3)  Name: Ann Putnam – Accuser          Facts: She was born in 1680. She was very well educated. When the witch trial problem blew up, she was 12. She engaged in fortune telling. After she saw herself in a coffin during a fortune telling session she began to have the same problems as others that say they were hurt by a witch. Soon after this she actively accused others of witchery. Following the witch trials she publicly apologized for the actions during the Salem Witch Trials. She later died in 1716 at the age of 37.         Her involvement in the Salem Witch trials: She played a major role in accusing people.         She impacted trials. She would be the person to help bring people to be tried.         My thoughts on her: She went with the time. She may have felt she would be accused so she went crazy and accused others to portray herself as not be a witch.         Other info: She never married anyone. Both her parents died when she was 19. She was left to care for her siblings.     4)  Name: Sir William Phips – Governor          Facts: He was born on February 2, 1651. He never attended any school. He learned carpentry and trade early in his life. He was part of an expedition that discovered treasure from wrecked Spanish ships. With his share of the treasure he invested it. Because of his achievements he was appointed governor of Massachusetts.          His involvement in the Salem witch Trials: He appointed the Judges.          His impact in the trails: After his wife was accused he required that evidence be presented before any suspects were punished. He then later prohibited arrests of witches and released the accused from prison.          My thoughts on him: according to the research I conducted, he wasn’t very involved in the trial until his wife was involved. He realized what was right and fixed the problem.         Other info: He died February 18, 1695.     5) Name: Deliverance Hobbs – A Confessed Witch         Facts: She was 50 when the Salem Witch Trials blew up. All of her family was accused of being witches. Her past was relative to the acts of a witch. She was among the first person arrested. Because of this she aided in the accusing other people. She ultimately confessed she was a witch. She claimed she was the leader of the witch meetings.         Her involvement in the Salem Witch trials: She confessed to being a witch. This changed the game. She attempted to take the rest of her family down with her.         Her impact in the trails: She claimed to be the leader of the witches and accused others and threw them under the bus.         My thoughts on her: I think she had some kind of mental illness. When she was young she was portrayed as a irrelevant and disrespectful. She believed she wasn’t afraid of anything. She confessed to being a witch. This is what is making me think she had an illness. She willingly takes the punishment for something that is impossible to do and claims she leads all the other witches. Seems a bit strange.Biography information source (all biograhies): law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/salem/SALEM.HTMTimeline:Chronological events:January 20, 1692: Abigail and Elizabeth begin to act strange and abnormal. This is when the entire Witch problem starts. Mid-February of of the same year a doctor says their behavior is from witchcraft.Late-February, 1692: Abigail and Elizabeth blame Sarah Good and Sarah Osborne for the witchcraft that was placed on them. This is significant because it is what triggers people to accuse others of witchcraft. April 11, 1692: John, Elizabeth’s husband becomes the first man accused. This is important because now both genders are involved in the matter.April 19, 1692: Deliverance Hobbs confesses to witchcraft. This is the first person to actually, willingly confess to practicing witchcraft.June 2, 1692: Bridget Bishop is the first person actually sent to court and tried. She is then sentenced to death. The significance: Following her hanging people chill down for a month and temporally stop accusing people. During the month of dormancy more people are sentenced to death.  October 8, 1692: Governor Phipps orders that evidence must be presented in witchcraft trials. This is when reason makes it into the situation. Before, people were sentenced to death with no evidence.  January 1693: 49 of 52 surviving accused are released from prison because of no evidence of their crimes. This is the beginning of the problem being fixed. May 1693: Governor Phipps pardons the remaining people in prison for witchcraft. This is important because it marks the end of people being accused. 1702: The general Court declares that the Salem Witch Trials are unlawful. This is when people realize that the made a mistake. 1957: 265 years later Massachusetts formally apologizes for the Salem Witch Trials. This is when the actions were regretted and apologized for. Timeline events source: law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/salem/SALEM.HTMImages/art depicting the time:^This is an image depicting the hanging of Bridget Bishop. The tone is violent because people are cheering as she is being executed for witchcraft. Characteristics that are clear include the crowd rioting, the sad face of Bridget, and children watching this happen. As mentioned before these characteristics all relate to a violent tone. The setting is in the woods with a horse wagon pulled up. The more you study this image the more you can feel the moment. Image source: http://famous-trials.com/salem/2078-sal-aact ^This image is depicting a woman being tried for witchcraft. The tone seems stressful. The woman is pleading to God to help her, an argument seems to be taking place. The judge and the woman are the only people staying calm. You can see that people are mocking the moman.  The setting is in a courthouse. This image does a great job of showing the stress of a trial. Image source: https://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/a-brief-history-of-the-salem-witch-trials-175162489/^This image is showing a woman being led to her execution. The tone of unhappiness is strong in this image. The young woman, at this point accepted her fate. The men look happy but not in a joyful way. Its like they feel they are doing the right thing. The setting is on the top of a hill where she was executed. This image makes you feel bad for the woman. Image source: https://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/a-brief-history-of-the-salem-witch-trials-175162489/  Additional Documents:^This document is Abigail William’s testimony during her trial. This document recorded her testimony. It was to defend her being accused. This document is significant because it documented her side of the story. This was an attempt to make her innocent. Image source: https://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/a-brief-history-of-the-salem-witch-trials-175162489/ ^This is an arrest warrant for Elizabeth Proctor. This is significant because it shows you that things got so far that warrants for witchcraft were implemented. This document was not used against her but was used to capture her. It states the actions she is accused of. It is used to accuse. Image source: law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/salem/SALEM.HTM ^This is the cover to a book written by John Hale. His book informed the public of the practices of witchcraft. The book is used to help identify the witches. The significance of this is that it explained witchcraft. It was written after the trials were deemed unlawfull, 1697. Image source: law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/salem/SALEM.HTM ^This is a petition for the accused witches. This was used to help bail the people in prison for witchcraft. It was not used as evidence against the accused. This is a record or signatures of the the petition signers. It was used to benefit the side of the accused. Image source: law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/salem/SALEM.HTM ^This is a map or Salem during the Witch Trials. The significance behind this is how the town was laid out. By evaluating it you can tell it wasn’t a small town. The map does not benefit anyone during the trials. This is more a record than anything else. It documents the area. Image source:  law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/salem/SALEM.HTM