Different must all play a role in breaking

Different people define the word rape differently, as some people confuse rape for sexual assault. However the correct definition is when a man forces a person to have penetrative sex, or has sex with someone without their consent. Rape can also include penetration with his the person’s penis of the vagina, anus or mouth without consent. Whereas sexual assault is when someone intentionally grabs or touches you in a sexual way that the victim does not like or if the victim is forced to kiss someone against their will. Witherspoon felt that “there remains what seems like an impenetrable wall of silence around violence and we must all play a role in breaking this silence” 2009-Witherspoon. This implies that rape victims find it hard to report the crime of them being raped and people like Witherspoon want rape victims to be encouraged to report the crime. It is argued that approximately 85,000 women and 12,000 men are raped in the UK every year which is roughly 11 rapes every hour. Most of these victims are usually left helpless and do not have the courage to report the crime to the police, as it is said that only around 15% of those who have experienced rape choose to report it to the police. However recently there has been a big change as around 2011-12 only 10,160 people reported being raped whereas now in 2015 and onwards 23,851 people have reported being raped. Therefore within this essay it will be explained why the reports of adults being raped has doubled within the past four years. Before looking into the reasons for why the UK population still experiences rising levels of rape, we first need to understand the context of rape within the UK. In order to do this we have to investigate the different statistics which were all collected by the Ministry of Justice, Office for National Statistics and Home Office. As they have the most accurate figures.  According to ONS, nearly half a million adults are sexually assaulted in the UK each year. Also people need to remember that anyone could get raped, in the past year there were 121,113 sexual offences committed the UK, and one of the the crimes were rape. The figure for rape was  41,150, this is seen to be a increase compared to the year 2015 as the figure have gone up by 15%. Also whilst conducting some reason on different rape lines, Rape crisis gave out their own statistic based on the victims which have contacted them for aid and according to them 20% of the service users were identified as black or minority ethnic. Along with the fact that 25% of all service users were identified as disabled. As we can see this fact supports the idea that any one can be raped. Another fact that we need to consider is that ONS discovered that approximately 90% of those who are rape know the perpetrator, as most of them are family members. In order for us to understand why there has been a huge increase in rape, instead of a decrease, we need to take a look at the change in the rates in the UK over the past years. In 2004, there was a total of 13,000 women raped according to the police reports. Whereas in 2014, more than 22,000 people were reported raped and this also included men, boys and girls. As we can see this is basically more than 35 women being raped everyday. The reason why 2014 is looked upon is due to the fact that this was the year were had a big impact to the UK compared to the past years. The reason why the increase was such a big deal because it showed that victims now had the confidence to report the crime and this is all due to the fact that the police force were now taking any sexual abuse seriously. As most of the crimes reported occurred within the past, as 1 in 5 women aged 16-59 have experienced sexual violence since the age of 16. Also Rape Crisis discovered that the women who contacted them were adult survivors of child sexual abuse or rape and they found out that only 42% of them had experienced this.Before it was said that out of all of the people who had been rape on 15% of them women were able to report it to the police along with the fact that 40% of adults that were raped never told anyone or did not decide to report it.  However according to the ONS, in the ending of March 2016 the crime survey of England and Wales were able to estimate that around 52% of women were able to report them being raped. This elaborates with the reason why the UK is still experiencing rising levels of rape and this is due to the fact that women along with men, boys and girls are now more comfortable to report the crime, rape, due to the fact that according to the official government website rape victims are advised to report the incident to the police or SARC. SARC is a sexual assault referral centre which provides service for victims who chose to report it to the police or not. After this the police or SARC staff will have to give the victim advise and support. However the main reason why victims of rape now feel more comfortable with coming forward is due to the fact now the police have specialist teams who are trained to deal with rape, therefore they will know how to comfort a rape victim and deal with the situation properly. Along with this the victim can speak to an officer or staff member who is the same sex as them. This is very important because this will then allow the victim to speak and take more action instead of not saying anything. Therefore this is one reason why the UK population is still experiencing rising levels of rape. Within this essay we also have to consider other countries apart from the UK which have also experienced rising levels of rape. The reason for this is because we will be able to make a comparison between the different countries with UK so we can understand what has really triggered this massive increase. The first country that will be looked upon is the Democratic Republic of Congo.Within the country Congo, rape has been described as a weapon of war, also known as war rape. War rape when a victim is raped in public and with brutal violence, this type of rape includes gang rape and rape with objects and weapons. The population of Congo is around 70 million and as many as 1.8 million women in Congo have been rape. Along with the fact up to 433,785 women have been raped in the period of one year which therefore suggests that a woman in Congo experiences rape every minute. However only 98% of the survivors report the event by seeking help from a medical, psychosocial or legal support. Many of the reports have shown that armed men who often in gangs rape young girls, sometime toddlers and mostly women in their 70s and older. As we can see here the only reason why these horrific incidents happen is due to the fact that these men are usually want to shame and cause stigma upon these women. The reason for the comparison between the UK and Democratic Republic of Congo, is all due to the fact that Congo is known to be the country who has experienced the highest rates of rape and they basically experience roughly around 433,785 women being raped each year and for the UK to experience 23,851 reports of adults being rape and nearly all of them being women show us that this matter is serious. This is due to the fact that UK is known to be a country which are serious when it comes to crime like rape however the figures for rape constantly keep increasing every year. Also along with the fact that the UK has been ranked fourth globally with the highest figures for rape.  The second country that will be looked upon is the United States. In the States, there is a report about rape practically every 6.2 minute. On average there are 321,500 victims of rape each year in the United States and every 98 seconds an American is raped. Has we can see these figures are more than the figures for UK however there is a reason for why the UK has low statistics and Joan Smith says “what if there is more sexual violence now, not just reports of it?” which therefore suggests that maybe there are more victims within the UK but it has not yet been reported and we will touch upon this practically section to why women do not find it okay to report the incident. In the US 15% of people aged 12-17 have been through sexual violence whereas 54% of people aged 18-34 have also been through sexual violence. Lastly 3% of people aged 65 and over have also been through sexual violence. As we can see that within the US the rape victims are much younger compared to the UK whereas most of the UK survivors experienced sexual violence whilst they were younger and most of these victims now were born around the 90s and during that period the police force and support was not as helpful compared to now.Therefore another reason why the UK is experiencing rising levels of rape is due to the fact that first of all globally the UK is ranked fourth with the highest figures for rape. Along with the fact that, in countries such as Congo women are forced to report it to medicals due to the fact that they are injured due to the they way they are penetrated with objects or weapons. Also most of the women who are raped in Congo decide to leave their husbands or are forced to leave their husbands due to the stigma and this then therefore leads to them being put into sexual abuse centres. Whereas in the UK most women who have experienced being rape are never witnessed by someone else and therefore have the chance to not report the matter and nearly almost of the victims of rape within the UK have not been beheaded or murdered whereas the women in Congo are raped in public and then beheaded which makes people aware of the figures of how many women have been raped. So the population in UK is experiencing high levels of rape due to the fact that women along with men are being advised to report the crime when they are ready and within the UK the police force and centres have better support compared to Congo which allows victims to make an action now compared to ten years ago.  Different people define the word rape differently, as some people confuse rape for sexual assault. However the correct definition is when a man forces a person to have penetrative sex, or has sex with someone without their consent. Rape can also include penetration with his the person’s penis of the vagina, anus or mouth without consent. Whereas sexual assault is when someone intentionally grabs or touches you in a sexual way that the victim does not like or if the victim is forced to kiss someone against their will. Witherspoon felt that “there remains what seems like an impenetrable wall of silence around violence and we must all play a role in breaking this silence” 2009-Witherspoon. This implies that rape victims find it hard to report the crime of them being raped and people like Witherspoon want rape victims to be encouraged to report the crime. It is argued that approximately 85,000 women and 12,000 men are raped in the UK every year which is roughly 11 rapes every hour. Most of these victims are usually left helpless and do not have the courage to report the crime to the police, as it is said that only around 15% of those who have experienced rape choose to report it to the police. However recently there has been a big change as around 2011-12 only 10,160 people reported being raped whereas now in 2015 and onwards 23,851 people have reported being raped. Therefore within this essay it will be explained why the reports of adults being raped has doubled within the past four years.Before looking into the reasons for why the UK population still experiences rising levels of rape, we first need to understand the context of rape within the UK. In order to do this we have to investigate the different statistics which were all collected by the Ministry of Justice, Office for National Statistics and Home Office. As they have the most accurate figures.  According to ONS, nearly half a million adults are sexually assaulted in the UK each year. Also people need to remember that anyone could get raped, in the past year there were 121,113 sexual offences committed the UK, and one of the the crimes were rape. The figure for rape was  41,150, this is seen to be a increase compared to the year 2015 as the figure have gone up by 15%. Also whilst conducting some reason on different rape lines, Rape crisis gave out their own statistic based on the victims which have contacted them for aid and according to them 20% of the service users were identified as black or minority ethnic. Along with the fact that 25% of all service users were identified as disabled. As we can see this fact supports the idea that any one can be raped. Another fact that we need to consider is that ONS discovered that approximately 90% of those who are rape know the perpetrator, as most of them are family members. In order for us to understand why there has been a huge increase in rape, instead of a decrease, we need to take a look at the change in the rates in the UK over the past years. In 2004, there was a total of 13,000 women raped according to the police reports. Whereas in 2014, more than 22,000 people were reported raped and this also included men, boys and girls. As we can see this is basically more than 35 women being raped everyday. The reason why 2014 is looked upon is due to the fact that this was the year were had a big impact to the UK compared to the past years. The reason why the increase was such a big deal because it showed that victims now had the confidence to report the crime and this is all due to the fact that the police force were now taking any sexual abuse seriously. As most of the crimes reported occurred within the past, as 1 in 5 women aged 16-59 have experienced sexual violence since the age of 16. Also Rape Crisis discovered that the women who contacted them were adult survivors of child sexual abuse or rape and they found out that only 42% of them had experienced this.Before it was said that out of all of the people who had been rape on 15% of them women were able to report it to the police along with the fact that 40% of adults that were raped never told anyone or did not decide to report it.  However according to the ONS, in the ending of March 2016 the crime survey of England and Wales were able to estimate that around 52% of women were able to report them being raped. This elaborates with the reason why the UK is still experiencing rising levels of rape and this is due to the fact that women along with men, boys and girls are now more comfortable to report the crime, rape, due to the fact that according to the official government website rape victims are advised to report the incident to the police or SARC. SARC is a sexual assault referral centre which provides service for victims who chose to report it to the police or not. After this the police or SARC staff will have to give the victim advise and support. However the main reason why victims of rape now feel more comfortable with coming forward is due to the fact now the police have specialist teams who are trained to deal with rape, therefore they will know how to comfort a rape victim and deal with the situation properly. Along with this the victim can speak to an officer or staff member who is the same sex as them. This is very important because this will then allow the victim to speak and take more action instead of not saying anything. Therefore this is one reason why the UK population is still experiencing rising levels of rape. Within this essay we also have to consider other countries apart from the UK which have also experienced rising levels of rape. The reason for this is because we will be able to make a comparison between the different countries with UK so we can understand what has really triggered this massive increase. The first country that will be looked upon is the Democratic Republic of Congo.Within the country Congo, rape has been described as a weapon of war, also known as war rape. War rape when a victim is raped in public and with brutal violence, this type of rape includes gang rape and rape with objects and weapons. The population of Congo is around 70 million and as many as 1.8 million women in Congo have been rape. Along with the fact up to 433,785 women have been raped in the period of one year which therefore suggests that a woman in Congo experiences rape every minute. However only 98% of the survivors report the event by seeking help from a medical, psychosocial or legal support. Many of the reports have shown that armed men who often in gangs rape young girls, sometime toddlers and mostly women in their 70s and older. As we can see here the only reason why these horrific incidents happen is due to the fact that these men are usually want to shame and cause stigma upon these women. The reason for the comparison between the UK and Democratic Republic of Congo, is all due to the fact that Congo is known to be the country who has experienced the highest rates of rape and they basically experience roughly around 433,785 women being raped each year and for the UK to experience 23,851 reports of adults being rape and nearly all of them being women show us that this matter is serious. This is due to the fact that UK is known to be a country which are serious when it comes to crime like rape however the figures for rape constantly keep increasing every year. Also along with the fact that the UK has been ranked fourth globally with the highest figures for rape.  The second country that will be looked upon is the United States. In the States, there is a report about rape practically every 6.2 minute. On average there are 321,500 victims of rape each year in the United States and every 98 seconds an American is raped. Has we can see these figures are more than the figures for UK however there is a reason for why the UK has low statistics and Joan Smith says “what if there is more sexual violence now, not just reports of it?” which therefore suggests that maybe there are more victims within the UK but it has not yet been reported and we will touch upon this practically section to why women do not find it okay to report the incident. In the US 15% of people aged 12-17 have been through sexual violence whereas 54% of people aged 18-34 have also been through sexual violence. Lastly 3% of people aged 65 and over have also been through sexual violence. As we can see that within the US the rape victims are much younger compared to the UK whereas most of the UK survivors experienced sexual violence whilst they were younger and most of these victims now were born around the 90s and during that period the police force and support was not as helpful compared to now.Therefore another reason why the UK is experiencing rising levels of rape is due to the fact that first of all globally the UK is ranked fourth with the highest figures for rape. Along with the fact that, in countries such as Congo women are forced to report it to medicals due to the fact that they are injured due to the they way they are penetrated with objects or weapons. Also most of the women who are raped in Congo decide to leave their husbands or are forced to leave their husbands due to the stigma and this then therefore leads to them being put into sexual abuse centres. Whereas in the UK most women who have experienced being rape are never witnessed by someone else and therefore have the chance to not report the matter and nearly almost of the victims of rape within the UK have not been beheaded or murdered whereas the women in Congo are raped in public and then beheaded which makes people aware of the figures of how many women have been raped. So the population in UK is experiencing high levels of rape due to the fact that women along with men are being advised to report the crime when they are ready and within the UK the police force and centres have better support compared to Congo which allows victims to make an action now compared to ten years ago.