Helga rates whether or not they have overseas

 Helga Kristjánsdóttir (19 Nov 2015) in their study titled “Foreign direct investment in the hospitality industry in Iceland and Norway, in comparison to the Nordics and a range of other OECD countries.” The paper compares two countries; Iceland and Norway to the Nordic  and a range of OECD Countries. The research is done through econometric modeling of how FDI in the hospitality Industry is influenced by economy,  market size,  value added tax increase, and skilled labor of the home country compared to that of the host country. The study helps in understanding tourism management both from an entrepreneurial and public policy perspective. The hospitality business in Iceland and Norway is observed to be progressively engaging as a speculation chance to outsiders from bigger economies, with financial specialists from bigger economies seeing the business as a more gainful open door, the more rich the nation of their living arrangement. The paper closes by sketching out how and which components ought to be observed to manage interest in the hospitality business of quickly emerging destinations.Dr. Yaw-Yih Wang, (2014) in their study titled “Fluctuations of Exchange Rate on the Valuation of Multinational Corporations as Taiwan’s Samples”. The study is based on secondary data collection using Arbitrage Pricing Theory. The main purpose of the study is to observe the exchange rates fluctuations affecting operating profits of the Multinational Corporation (MNC) and it is useful for domestic investors while making investment decisions. The influence of exchange fluctuations on stock returns is examined under two periods first;when exchange rates were under a Taiwan bubble economy, second;when exchange rates were affected by the Taiwan Strait Crisis and Asian Financial Crisis. The study concludes that the Corporate stock prices will be influenced by fluctuations of exchange rates whether or not  they have overseas subsidiaries/affiliates or belong to multinational organizations or are engaged in transactions in foreign currencies . Dr. Deepak Jain, (2017) in their study titled “Effects of fluctuation in dollars on it companies”. The study is based on secondary data collection using exploratory research design and causal research design. The research focuses on the fluctuations in exchange rates and its affects on revenue turnover on 12 Indian IT companies. The paper concludes that there is a positive relation between the fluctuations in Exchange rate of dollars and revenue value where the exchange rate is independent variable and the revenue value is dependent variable . The average correlation is 0.69 of 12 IT companies which is higher than 0.5 showing the impact of exchange risk on It industry. The companies are not using hedging risk cover which is reflected in their revenues.Charles Chang Ph.D. and Liya Ma, (2009) in their study titled “Operational Hedging and Exchange Rate Risk: A Cross-sectional Examination of Canada’s Hotel Industry”. The study is based on primary  data collection through operational data collection from 1032 hotels in Canada for a period of one and a half years  and performed single and multiple regression analysis. The currency risk of hotels can be reduced by operational hedging. The paper concludes that the occupancy rate is expected to increase by 4.4 percent when the local currency weakens by 10 percent. If the fixed costs of hotels is 10 percent of the total cost of the hotel’s expenditure, the currency translation loosened will be offset by improvements in profitability without hedging.Tulin Anlas (2012) in their study titled “The Effects of Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates On ISE-100 Index”. The study is based on secondary data collection through analytical research model investigating the effects of seven currencies and their interest rates on ISE 100 index . The research shows that Canadian dollar, Saudi Arabia Riyal, U.S Dollar have significant effect on ISE 100 index .. The paper concludes that  Saudi Arabia Riyal is negatively related whereas Canadian dollar and U.S Dollar are positively related which implies that Saudi Arabia Riyal and monthly weighted time deposit interest are alternative investment tools for their relationship with U.S and Canada.Chrystell Flota (2014) in their study titled “The Impact of Exchange Rate Movements on Firm Value in Emerging Markets: The Case of Mexico”