INTRODUCTION and he translated his work Gitanjali in1913

                                                          INTRODUCTION                                                                                  
                                                                        The seed of Indian Writing in English was
spread during the influence of the British rule in India. Now the seed has
bloomed into an every green tree, aromatic flowers and the fruits are ready for
use .The fruits are being tasted not only by the Indian people but they are
also being grained and digested by the foreigners .It happened only after the
unchanging attention, pruning and feeding. Grover`s like R.K.Narayan, Raja Rao,
Mulk Raj Anand and Harindranath Chattopadhyaya to name only a few, looked after
the sympathy plant night and day. In the contemporary time, it is grown by a
number of writers who are getting honors and fame for all over the world. Indian
English Literature is an effort of showcasing the rare gems of Indian Writing
in English. The genres of English Literature like poetry, drama, novel, prose
and     non-fiction represents the life style of the
native people. The bulk of Indian English Literature    is
formed in the name of novel. The first Indian novel in English was Raj Mohan`s wife published in the
Calcutta weekly in 1864 and it was written by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee.

   
In the beginning of Indian English Literature begun the works of Michael
Madusudan Dutt followed by R.K.Narayan, Mulk Raj Anand, Raja Rao and they are
called the trilogy of Indian Writing in English Literature and they are contributed
to Indian fiction in the 1930`s.It is also joined with works of Indian Diaspora.
Rao has revealed the story line of the book with the chief social issues
represented in the fiction. Indian Writing has turned out to be a new form of
Indian tradition and voice India spoke regularly. These talented writers have
won national and international literary awards and also a Nobel price. The
earliest novels were written in Bengali as a Bengal was the first region to
come under the domineering rural influence of the British.

    Rabindranath Tagore wrote in Bengali and he
translated his work Gitanjali in1913
into English and it gains the Nobel Prize for Literature. Other major writers
who have born Indian or Indian origin and derive much inspiration for Indian
themes are R.K.Narayan, Ahmad Ali, Aamir Ali, K.A.Abbas, K.S.Venkataramani,
Bhabini Bhattacharya, Arun joshi, Balchandra Rajan, G.V.Desani, Rama Mahta and Vikram
Kapur. English language writers of Indian descent have been published in the
West at an astonishing rate. A special fiction issues of The New Yorker
Magazine devoted much space to essays by Arundathi Roy, and Salman Rushdie .The
earliest fictional efforts were story rather than novels properly appeared in
Journals .The Post independent India fiction hire the momentum the novel had
reached during the Gandhian  Era. Bhabini
Bhattacharya is the social realist of this period and he is strongly influenced
by Tagore and Gandhian fictional theory .Fiction in current era has become
introspective and individual quest for the meaning in people life has become a
major theme. In the same way talented writers are like Salman Rushdie and
Post-Rushian novelist like Amitav Ghosh, Vikram Seth, Vikram Chandra, Upmanya
catterjee. Indian historical novels are written before Post –Independence after
Post Independence .These novels are dealt in situation of freedom struggle and
revolution.

   After
1920 Indian English Literature was strongly influenced by the epoch making
political social and ideological excite caused by the Gandhian Movement. The
influence of Gandhism is proved strongly on Venkataramani`s novel. The new
Indian novel must be written in English the only language considered capable of
snatching modern substantial realities like Hindi, Tamil, Urdu and left need
not apply .The construction of Indian novel in English joined with a companion
piece of modernity and the region one of the most notable gifts of English
education to India is Prose, Poetry, fiction though India was probably the base
head of storytelling. The Indian English fictions from the beginning to 1930
explain the glorious of India`s past, superiority of Indian civilization in
relation to Europe. Writing in English has started in working magical realism,
bagginess, non –linear narrative. Vikram Seth is a writer who treats the purer
English and more realistic themes.

   The critical studies of their work were
guided to find out how far they had been successful in giving expression to the
reality around them. The writers settled in foreign countries and the one who
divide their time between India and abroad have contributed much to this rapidly
developing sub-genre of English Literature. Their fictional works become more
significant for developing expression to cross cultural encounter from a
different perspective. The works of Bharati Mukherjee , Jhumpa Lahiri ,Anita
Desai, Kiran Deasi, Kavita Dasvani and V.S. Naipaul to name a few arrange an
inside view of the problems faced by the people in their adopted homes in a
way  that questions the traditional
understanding of the concepts like house, native and alien.

    The
concluding two decades of the twentieth century witness rise out of a large
number of Indian novelists like Deepa Mehta, Sashi Deshpande, Aravind Adiga,
Chetan Bhagat, Anita Desai, Kiran Desai etc. These Indian writers are able to
maintain their identity by showing strong hold on theme and style. R.K.Narayan`s
novels represented his fictitious town of Malgudi .But Chetan Bhagat`s novel
conveyed the easy going disturbance and 
various struggle for youth to lead a happy life in the society .Modern
Indian novelist are much interested in the presentation of modern man`s opinion
to the world .The modern man is situated by different problems. It is too
difficult for modern man to live in such rules and regulations.

    To a
considerable prolong a large number of contemporary novelists are concerned
with the questions of alienation, restlessness, disillusionment and grief
caused by conflicts. All this novelists are deeply occupied with modern man`s
struggle for survival in this world. Almost all the contemporary novelists are
preoccupied with the thought of identity. In the last ten years the novels like
Jhumpa Lahiri`s The Name sake, Salman
Rushdie`s The Ground Beneath Her Feet, Aravind Adiga`s The White Tiger, Chetan Bhagat`s Five Point Someone, The3Mistakes of My Life, Revolution 2020: Love, Corruption, Ambition are
able to project the various facts of life in India in the contemporary
globalization era and rapid development.

   Indian English novelists in the twentieth
century are more involved in the presentation of life beyond conflict, clash
and confusion in culture, loss of believe in morality, depression and confusion
of the modern generation .On the other hand some writers represented the day to
day issue of the Indian culture which reflected the personal life of Indian
citizen .Among them human survive in relation with globalization, commercialism
and universalism are some of the most important themes presented by the modern
Indian English Novelist. Chetan Bhagat acquired a position of a novelist after
the novelists of Ashok Kumar Banker, Kiran Desai. He is a popular Indian author
who penned down novels that reach the market with great success. . Along with
R.K.Narayan, Raja Rao, Mulk Raj Anand, Chetan can be tributes with establishing
an essential forms and thesis of Modern Indian Literature written in English.

      Chetan
Bhagat was born on 22nd April 1974 on a Punjabi family in New Delhi.
His father was an Army officer and his mother was a government employee in the
field of agricultural department. Chetan has one younger brother and his name
is Ketan Bhagat. Ketan Bhagat is also a novelist .Chetan had completed his
schooling at The Army Public School, Dhaula Khan in New Delhi. He had completed
his under graduate in B.Tech Mechanical Engineering at Indian Institute of
Technology by New Delhi in the year 1995 .In1997 he continued his post graduate
degree in the field of management from the Indian Institution of Management at
Ahmedabad. . Then he attended an interview in the field of Investment Banking
Company and that company name is Goldman Sachas and he finally got the job
after 27Internal interviews. Then he was appointed as an investment banker on
Goldman Sachas one another branch in Hong Kong.

      Chetan
Bhagat`s family includes his twin sons, Ishaan and Shyam and his wife .His wife
Anusha is a Tamilian and they are got married in the year1999.After their marriage
they are shifted into Hongkong for his career .Later few year, his family `s
future was economically secure he left his job as an investment banker and he
shifted to Mumbai. Chetan Bhagat`s spend 11years there before feeling about his
own interest for writing novels and columns. Instead of choosing writing he
started buying and selling useful things and stocks. Then he left his
prosperous career of one overseas investment banker in 2009shifting back in
Mumbai and he sacrifices his whole lifetime towards a writer. Each books of
Chetan Bhagat wrote about simple and comfortable language for the reader in
English. Most of his mentioned characters are chosen from his real life
experience.

      Chetan is also a good columnist in writing
columns for many leading newspapers like Hindustan Times, The Times of India.
In August 30,2009 he draw a column on the topic ‘Don`t fix history look at the
future ‘in The Times of India. In September11, 2009 The Times of India
newspaper he draw a column on the title ‘India`s Democratic Prince’.

      According to Chetan Bhagat novels are
entertained tools for the youngsters and he expresses his view and opinion
about politics and the society. National issues and ruling parties problems are
appeared in through his columns .Chetan columns are straightly expresses the
issues of the country and many times his columns are created a loud discussion
in the parliament. He is        not only
a columnist but also a good motivation speaker. He had given many motivational
speeches at many Colleges, Companies, Organizations, IIT and Medical entrance
coaching classes, Government Organizations and non-governmental Organizations
like Airtel, Dell, Armed Forces and Medical college, he toured the flight
nearly 200 times a year across India. He also writes just against an editorial
page for leading newspapers on Hindi and English which include Dainik Bhaskar (in
Hindi), The Guardian (in British) and The Times of India (in English).  He is the first writer to understand the
minds of the youth because his novels are based on the lifestyle of youth and
their problems and he writes about youth day–to –day activities and their wish.

      Friend ship is an essential one in now day
life style .In the youth circle friendship played an important role. Anything
can do for the help of the friend that is mind of the today youth. The parallel
idea is reflected in the fictions of Chetan Bhagat where the characters gain
with friends as well as lose with them. In his first fiction The Five Point Someone revealed the same
concept of friendship. The characters like Hari, Ryan and Alok stay together
and live a life with fun and gossip .Similarly the problem faced by his second
novel  among the six characters in One Night @Call Center is formed out
once they join hands and became a group. In The
Three mistakes of my life the major characters like Govind, Ishaan and Omi
start business and obtain together in their work and together they face a big
flap.

      In 2004, Chetan got the Society`s Young
Achievers Award and the publishers acknowledge award in the year 2005. Along
with R.K.Narayan, Raja Rao, Mulk Raj Anand, Chetan can be tributes with
establishing an essential forms and thesis of Modern Indian Literature written
in English.  He is the author of Nine top
selling novels:1)Five Point Someone-What
Not to do at IIT!(2004);2) One Night @Call Center(2005;3)Three Mistakes of My
Life(2008); 4)Two States :The Story My Marriage(2009 );5)Revolution 2020:Love, Corruption,
Ambition(2011);6)Half Friend (2014); One Indian Girl and he is the author
of two non-fiction title: What Young
India Wants and Making India Awesome.

      Chetan
was lived in aboard for many years but he likes the travelling of his own
country because he is enjoyed a lot in his tour and is reflected in his novel, every
novel is based on any one of the famous like The Three Mistakes of My Life novel is based on the whole city of
Ahmedabad, Two States: The Story of My
Marriage” is covered around Chennai, Revolution
2020 novel is totally  based on the spiritual city of Varanasi .Chetan
Bhagat revealed his personal life as Ahmedabad is a special one and the place
is like his heart because he spent his college days with his wife Anusha at
Ahmedabad and they are walk together with holding hands and they are eaten
Theplas, Paobhajis and Gujarati Thalis.  

      Five
Point Someone is a novel about three boys Hari, Ryan, and Alok who join IIT
Delhi and struggle to handle with the disgraceful deep workload of the
Institute. The novel begins with a specification this is not a book to educate
you how to get into IIT or even how to live in college. One Night @ the Call Center is the novel turns around a group of
six call centers employees working in connections call center in the Delhi suburb
of Gurgaon in Harayana .It is filled with a lot of drama with unpleasant things
happenings to all leading characters. The story takes a dramatic and decisive
turn when they get a phone call from God.

      The fourth novel of Chetan Bhagat`s 2 States: The Story My Marriage are
dealt with the most regular topic marriage ceremony .The story my marriage is
reflected to have been inspired by his own life. This is the first novel of
Chetan after quitting his job as an investment banker. Revolution2020 Love, Corruption, Ambition is the fifth novel  by Chetan .It deals with the corruption
especially in the name of Politics and the youngsters problem to get a high
mark in  AIEEE exams and how the poor
people are spent their life time earnings in the coaching class to secure their
children future life with prosperity and wealthy.

      Half
Indian Girl novel is published on October1, 2014. In this fiction he speaks
about the condition of the school and its infrastructure without proper class
room or rest room and the novel is based on the life of the rural Bihar, Patna,
New Delhi, New York .One Indian Girl is
the last fiction of Chetan Bhagat but in future he may be launched another
novel. In this novel depicts the story of Radika Mehta. She is worked as the
Distressed Debt Group of Goldman Sachas an investment company in HongKong. Radika
is a spinster and the story is how she struggled to break her relationship with
her two ex-boyfriends.

      Most of his novels are adapted into films
and it is directed by famous Bollywood directors. The movie adaptations are,
the 2009 film, ‘3 Idiots’ was directed and written by Raj kumar Hirani and it
is based on Chetan Bhagat `s first novel Five
Point Someone-What Not to do at IIT! Starred on the famous Bollywood film
stars like Aamir Khan as Hari, R.Madavan as Ryan and Sharman Joshi as Alok are
based on the title roles along with Kareena Kapoor as Neha,     Boman Irani and Omi Vaidhaya and the film is
produced by Vidu Vinod Chopra and this film is criticized the Asian Educational
system. The Hindi film ‘Hello’ is based on Chetan Bhagat One [email protected] Call Center
and the film is directed by Atul Agnihotri and he is one of the producers of
this film and this ‘Hello’ film reached the box office  US$2.6 million  (165 million as per Indian currency).

      ‘Kai po che’ is based on Chetan Bhagat`s The 3 Mistakes of My life. ‘Kai po che
is a Gujatari phrase and it means ‘I have cut’. The novel is set in Ahmedabad
and the story portrays around three buddies like the protagonist Govind as Rajkumar
Rao, Ish as Sushant Singh, Omi as Amit Sadh and Vidya as Amrita Puri and film
also revealed around the 2001 Gujarati earth quake and Godhra train burning.
Chetan Bhagat is one of the screen players of this film ‘Kai po che’ and it is
produced by UTV Pictures.  2Ststes film
is based on Chetan`s 2States: The story
My Marriage. The novel is set in Punjabi heritage family and Chennai
Brahmin family .In this film Ananya mother role is played by the famous Tamil
actress Revathy and this movie is based on Chetan and his wife Anusha`s real
life.

He
has written six fictions and two non-fictions and almost in every work he has
confined his deep concern about the youth today that is the problems and
despairs, hopes and aspirations of youth. Most of the main characters in his
novels are named after Lord Krishna such as Shyam, Krishan, Hari, Govind and
Madhav.  Chetan Bhagat is known for his
open mind of reality n the current Indian society. All of his works speak about
youth struggle and social issues which destroy the improvement of the
individual and the society .The social reality is exposed in the novels of
Chetan Bhagat. In The 3 Mistakes of My Life depicts with various
contemporary social and political problems like common riots of Godra train
burning, religion, politics, love, friendship, unfaithfulness and cricket etc.
are the problems conversed again and again in the novel. From the Mahabharatha
to the 21st century people are applied for religion. Politics plays
a prominent role in discrimination in India. The 3 Mistakes of My Life was published in May 2008 and had an initial
print of 420,000. The beginning of The 3
Mistakes of My life is simply unbelievable. The introduction attract
everyone in the straightway where the end of the few words are unforgettable.  

      Bhagat presents an emotional description of
the Godra train burning revolts in which the communal injustice Bittoo mama, a
Hindu political party campaigner, lost his only son Dhiraj on the Godra train
burning incident. The novel also describes how religion creates obstruction and
how social values differ from religion to religion. The novel also deals with
the problem of forbearance and confusion that the authors trusts young Indian
feel about religious values. It is focused the insecurity fusion of religion,
cricket, politics, economics, business and love that is the hall mark of
current Indian society. The theme entails the nervousness, defenselessness, of
the growing Indian middle class including questions about living line of
business, insufficiency, family quarrel and the Indian youth society in which
they live. The characters of The 3
Mistakes of My Life are eager, young and zealous and have the some moral,
social and religious problems as many of the young Indian face today.

      The beginning is very dramatic as well as
it has an intelligence and realism. Govind Patel portrays the realistic picture
of his future and every day activities. He opened a sports shop with his two
buddies Ishaan and Omi. Bittoo mama helped them to open a shop because Bittoo
mama was the responsible person of Swamibhakti temple shop. Bittoo was Omi`s
maternal uncle. The tale of this novel arises between the years 2000 to 2005
dealing with the real life incidents.   

      Being a member of Hindutva Bittoo mama has
come to call them for the preaching session of Parekh-ji. The story is based in
2000to 2002 in Gujarat when Gujarat people met an earthquake and it ruins their
day to day life and their ambition also. Then they are faced the communal riots
between Hindu and Muslim. The whole story and the incidents are happened in the
city of Ahmedabad. The novel is chased the story of three buddies and their
great effort to complete their ambition, target and zeal. The three protagonist
of the novel are growing businessman and the plot turns around their ups and
downs of their business profit. The novel opens with the author get a suicide
mail from a person named Govind Patel in Ahmedabad. Chetan becomes shocked
and   he wants to recover the boy. He
also comes to meet him at Ahmedabad to identify the cause behind his suicide
attempt. The remaining story is narrated by Govind. Govi, Ish and Omi are
childhood friends they are first met in the Nana Park cricket match. Govind is born
from a poor family with only a mother who attempts to secure their living by
running a small homemade snack shop. He supports his mother financially in the
way of providing tuitions to students in math. Ish is not good in studies His
aim is to be a cricket player in Indian team. His father scolds him because he
ran away from National Defense Academy NDA.

      Chetan is one of the famous contemporary
novelists who have got a very significant place in the hearts of the youth
today. He is an effective and active writer who maintains a note of very minute
things taking place in the surroundings. It is a book with nice elements of
real incidents and fiction perfectly made for a yummy dish. The innermost theme
of his novel is central to his dream of an open and advance thinking India. The
book reveal around Bhagat`s considerations and modernism on how to recover the
Indian Economy through social reforms. Ish, Omi, Ali and his father all are
real life characters. Vidya is a diplomatic and fearless girl in the
contemporary Indian society. The 3
Mistakes of My Life talks about the practical sufferings of life. Thrill,
Politics, religion, love and passion definitely the green eye of disgust are
the passions traced in the novel.

      At the center of his writing is a humanist
philosophy that elements the social, political, economical and psychological
theory. It`s a great gift to improve the country`s literary tradition. This
novel has most important theme about friendship in the times of 2002  communal riots in Gujarat an era related to
what is exposed in Mahesh Dattani`s play Final
Solutions(1993). The study of Chetan`s novels sustained a morror which we
can turely discovered the weakest tale of immortality in the youth of new
generation of Indian society. Human values are most positively different from
moral values. Moral values look upon substances of right and wrong, human
values are tricky things often confused with morals. They alter from person to
person, from day to day and hour to hour into whatsoever presently match. In
this novel all the three friends contain a male bonding

       Bhagat The
Three mistakes of My Life consist of a reflective story ornamented with
attractive rhymes. It is an example of a perfect novel which has endeavored to
include all the genres of the Literature. Bhagat has combined both high brow
and low brow genres into one which is now supported as best seller genre of the
Indian English Literature. He has provided the genre with healthy humour and
cheerful approach to life. His major characters are social revolts who repeat
us the Angry Young men that dominated English novel in the 1950`s. Bhagat women
obtain motivation courtship . His female characters repeat us the female
characters of G.B.Shaw for the vitality viz natural female instinct when this
the first time when an Indian writer has promoted his character above drops of
the society such as caste, religion, worship. Kushwant Singh`s Train To Pakistan represents the
terrible realities of the partition. It predicts the Hindus and the Muslims
cutting each other in the name of religion. Bhagat has depicted his characters
as resolution makers. Chetan has always under taken to tab upon something new
in his writings. His writings have always been close to existence and presented
a picture of life in India. Bhagat has started some rare trends in the Indian
English Literature. The novel depicts with the issues of hardship and confusion
that the novelist considers young Indians feel about religious values. The
modern novel deals with the realities of current life both the pleasant and
unpleasant consideration .Bhagat presents the character as a loving and
ambitious person. The novel brings out the lives of common people especially
the youth. India is a country of various religion and this difference of
religion carried into hatred and bitterness among the followers of different religions.