Introduction the ankle with rope, while the first


plays an imperative role in protecting the foot. The most primitive recognised
shows, dating from more or less 7, 500 BCE, were simple sandal style shows
around the ankle with rope, while the first direct fact of shoes covering the
foot moves back to 3, 500 BCE. The serviceable role of footwear was decreased
by fashion impacts from the fifteenth century, since characteristics like high
heels and long toe boxes got fame and prominence (Diamond and Diamond, 2013).

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Contemporary women’s footwear has maintained traces of such early fashion
impacts, a number of which are supposed to be linked with the changing role of
women in the society. As a result, past evidence shows that there is a strong
correlation between the women’s roles in society and the development of
footwear over time.

Statement: Development of footwear reflects the changes in the life and role of
women considering their fashion sense, identity, and status in the society.



            The use of women footwear traces back towards
the safety of the feet in the early times, however past evidence proves that it
was not long before it catered new functions, creative and figurative. The new
functions served due to the changing status of the women in the society over
time. At present, they overshadow the significance of physical calmness for
several females who, whilst feeling attractive, do not realise the uneasiness
of the footwear (Branthwaite et al., 2013).

To the level that its usage has now become part of the societal code, accepted
to some level in an intended way, the plans to create consciousness regarding
the perils run into impediments.

and often challenging, roles of females over time create considerable issues
for marketing experts and organisation. Changes in the footwear occurred due to
the constant development in the role of women, and will continue to influence,
with the passage of time.


Role of
Women and Development of Shoes in Early Centuries

            All through the past centuries,
females are continuous preys of the ideas and traditions set by the society. In
the olden times, females were considered sensually and academically as the
‘weak’ gender, in all manners as compared to their men counterparts. There were
some laws enforced and principles applied that females should abide. Women were
allowed to act in accordance with the society driven principles and standards
and, as a consequence, options are narrow to them and their significance in the
community were decreased (Blanton, 2014).

            In societies where uncovered feet
are usual or just simple sandal shoes are used, limited attention given to
women’s footwear as a physical addition. This is due to the fact that in olden
times role of women was not given acknowledged in the society and things
related to their appendage were hardly exist. Over time, hidden in closed,
stylish footwear and heels, the women’s shoes have been revered as a strong
sexual stimulus in many societies where the role of females was recognised
slowly and gradually. Small and narrow as compared with the male’s foot, the
features of a female’s relatively delicate foot have been admired and
heightened all through the historical era (Robinson,

            For many years, it was approached
sophisticated and sensually appealing for a female to have clear feet. Apart
from weekly washing and spraying perfumes, the feet were kept bound closely at
all moments. A number of measures over the times to forbid the tradition by the
ruling authorities and even the democratic nations made an effort to stop the
practice in the year 1912 when it came to rule. The practice gradually stopped
with the passage of time, being eventually removed in the year 1949 following
the rule of communist groups. This is by a long way extreme case of sexual
delineation in the development of the women’s shoes. Many societies cover the
foot of a woman in a different manner when compared with the man, however in a
far less remarkable way.

            In the olden centuries, females were
not fashion avid or allowed to take part or get involved in the vogue related
activities. Their role was limited to look after house, family, child-rearing,
and prepare meal. They were not allowed to prefer stylish footwear to complete
their look but just to make a choice from a range of simple and casual




The Role of Women in
Victorian Britain and Suffragettes(1900-10s)


            In this era which represented by the name of British monarch Queen
Victoria. By the period Victoria took over the power, an emotional and Romantic
Movement had removed famous assumption. Females now became the signs of virtue
and femaleness, their traditional clothes, and modest nature showed conscious
refinement. Fine slippers of children and silk were produced in huge quantities
in Paris and exported to other parts of the globe (Menz et al., 2016). Soles, which had been prepared without left
or right description for more than two hundred years, were unusually narrow now
and the fine uppers tended not to stay for a longer period of time since they
were dragged under the sole at the ball of the foot, weakening with one wearing.

Coloured shoes got attention in the 1830 with ankle length skirt dresses;
however fell from usage for the coming two decades. The long, complete skirt
dresses of the mid 19th century covered the feet from seeing, with possible the
infrequent glance at a vamp when the female walked over a ground.  By the middle of 1850, black or white shoes
were considered by fashion delineators to become the most stylish and preferred
alternative, a practice will stay long in the society for several years.

In the 19th century, both males and females
were anticipated to take up separate positions in the society. Males were
allowed to live a public life, whether it was working in an industrial unit or
socialising with same-minded people in open areas like official gatherings or
pubs. However, females were generally expected to live their times mainly homebound,
preparing meals, washing, raising children, and other household chores. Very
few women had the opportunity to get education and such females were become
style icon for others in the footwear sphere. They preferred to wear boots and
heels when getting socialise with others or get education. Majority were not
allowed to take part in political activities or cast vote (Shrimpton, 2014).

In the same century, recognition of females of
such conventional roles started to drive away. Avoiding the modern proverb that
female involving in protest, presenting in political debates, or else rabble
rousing was considered awkward, females started undertaking on critical roles
in the closure and self-control movements in both the USA and in Britain.

Certainly, the self-control movements was mainly determined by the low and mid
class females who were not happy with the level of time and financial support
males frequently used on substance use or consumption. A number of such females
became voiced members of the females’ right movement.

By the
end of this era, Industrial Revolution started when large numbers of women started
to take part in the workforce and earning money. Over time, the role of the
women become more advanced and recognised in many societies. In this particular
phase, females became more fashion conscious, trendy, and bold enough to take
part actively in the fashion industry as well. Rights of females and their
identity appeared to be well acknowledged at the global level and common people
started to follow their fashion celebrities who prefer to wear extremely
stylish and elegant shoes ranging from high heels to pointed ones to broad

            Black, brown, and white shoe colours
dominated the female group till the year 1920. Coloured shoes were developed
more or less completely for evening events, since it was observed as inapt
gaudy for road or day time wearing. After the beginning of the First World War
in the year 1914, hemlines started a stable climb up the leg, so that by
armistice the deep curves of the in-step and ankle was uncovered. The hill
walking hemline created the gap between the top of the boot and base of the
hemline an unattractive disruption. The boot was usually deserted from the
vogue, even though a “Cossack” style or slip-on trend was initiated
and got some achievement in the year 1920. The influence of the footwear on the
total shape nowadays had to be determined to come across with an appealing
trend. In the year 1920, small and wave kind heeled shoes became in fashion for
those females who want to display their prominence by long height and physique
in order to draw attention of others. Even the vamp was curtailed to low levels
in order to show more of the instep.



            “Flapper” is a word used as slang to
narrate teenage girls, or at times use to make reference to a bird trying to
learn how to fly by flapping its wings. Young females in 1920s who dressed in
skirts revealing the knees, had shoulder length hairs, interested in hearing
jazz music, wore too much makeup, drinks alcohol, smokes cigarettes, and drives
car were also called “Flappers”. Flapper women had manner to dress up and their
point of view has been changed as compared to previous era. There were different
causes for this great change in women’s role, one of which was after the World
War I, when the young men died during war that leaves a thinking in young
people’s mind that life is no long and could be ended at any point in time.

Which leads adult females with a want to use up their young life having fun and
free from getting marry or spend all the time in their homes. Other cause was
change in the political role of women.

Females now wanted to be equal as men and immense
objective of women’s liberation like financial freedom, involvement in
political affairs, and ‘sex rights’. Flappers wants to go out from their house
for work, to challenge the customary societal character and massive recorded
thoughts of females living without power all through the past. Flappers had
been linked with different slang words which includes words like “junk”,
“necker”, “heavy petting”, and “necking parties”, beside using these words
“jazz” was also been used to share feeling of something exciting or fun.


Role During WW2

            By the year 1930, shoe makers had
turned into shoe designers including both men and females. Colour, style, and
embellishment in fact exploded at the height of the fashion industry. An
extensive range of spectators, pump shoes, sandal with stones, brogues, and
other trendy designs took up the position in many footwear shops. Salvatore
Ferragamo revitalised the chopine style in the year 1937, utilising stopper to
develop platform bases. At the international level, the particular footwear
design got short fame and limited attention, however with the start of the
Second World War the design gained immense recognition and attention by the
masses (Hall, Orzada and Lopez?Gydosh, 2015). The warfare brought about the limitation of
leather material for public shoes, heavy wood or cork bases and alternative
leather developed by raffia, hemp, material alternated. In the USA, where
sharing was less critical than in Britain, platform footwear were more
frequently developed by the leather material, however females were shared to
two kinds of footwear on a yearly basis.

the World War 2, different types of jobs were provided for British women. Jobs
like cleaning the trains, conducting transportations, volunteer policewomen, they
had to test dangerous chemicals, farming, and delivering coal to freight ships.

Females work was essential to the British war exertion in WW2, it extent so
much that it soon ended up plainly necessary. In 1941, all the women between
18-60 years old must be registered and occupation of their family be recorded. Each
woman was met, and needed to pick appropriate occupations, in spite of the fact
that it was stressed that ladies would not be required to remain battle ready.

Numerous ladies, notwithstanding, were in the end to work and may be die under
fire. Before the war started more women in Britain had paid jobs and had to
leave the job after marriage. The war begins and changed the whole thing. Men
had to join armed forces or crucial civilian work, so females in the house had
to go out and work to run the house. Soon women with children can work on
suitable time because of flexible working hours.

            Women’s were also get employed in metal and chemical
industries, railways, canals and on transport jobs. Newspapers and magazines
articles were printed on the contribution of women’s in the war and additional
forces. Women’s contribution to the additional forces make progress fast, after
the war finished, permanent women’s forces were made in 1949. The tall and pointed heel stayed in style or
fad from the year 1920 to the middle of the 1950 with just fine changeovers in
shape till the Italian heel, named it as ‘stiletto’, turned into the vogue in
the late half of the year 1950. Tall and quite slime with a metallic core, the
heel was known after the warhead for a rationale. The pointed heel raised
pressure on hundreds of pounds for every square inch with each and every single
step, pock marking linoleum and wood made grounds. People to the Louvre were
considered necessary to don synthetic heel caps to safeguard the old floor
grounds. The stiletto heel, coupled with a sharp and pointed toe, was the most
aesthetically appealing footwear design even made. The sharp toes visually
limited the foot and the high heeled constricted the calf muscle and slimming
the ankle.



The Role of
1950s Housewife

            The role of women was completely
different in 1950s. They stop doing work once they get married like it was
before war and had to look after their home and raising their children. Only
about 1.2 percent of females goes to higher institution. For women
opportunities in education was very limited. Many women who worked after
marriage quit their jobs after having a child. Girls were prepared for this
life in schools, they got lessons in cookery, household management, darning,
sewing and ironing clothes. They were prepared to take care of their husbands,
children and home. Many woman’s life seems to have slightly better after marriage
by having an easy to clean Formica worktop and a machine to wash their clothes.

Women had to purchase food every day because it was hard to store fresh food. They
don’t have their own money and had no career, the money they get from their
husbands was for household use. The main priority for them was housekeeping.

            The stiletto heeled opera, court,
and pump shoes was trendy in 1950s. At the time, red coloured shoes for formal
wear was very popular and occasionally worn for short duration. Thin T-straps,
slingbacks, ankle straps, kitten heel, pumps (also called “Baby Dolls”),
sandals, ballet flats, wedges and many more shoes gets recognised in 1950s.



            In 1960s, women started focusing on
their career rather than getting married and having children. More number of
females were getting into paid workforces than ever. Now they have equal rights
as men compared to previous eras. Women’s now can go to universities and get

            Women wearing a low style heel, square boot appeared again
into vogue in the middle half of the year 1960. Matched with short skirts, the
boot shaped underlined the leg and offered a young flair to the fads of the
day. Boot shoes appeared in the world of vogue at the similar moment as the
famous ‘go go’ dance of the day and rapidly became recognised as go-go boot
shoes–generally white ankle boot styles. The stiletto typed heels and pointed
ones of the late 1950 and early 1960 was the main part of the high street




sum up, life of a women have modified permanently and deep manners in the last
decades. Although the female’s freedom movement that changed the ideas of
people regarding the role of the women in the society, role of females have
altered at an increasing rate and made great developments in the grounds of
politics, social, and academic, letting them to have a great position in the
society. Along with the change and advancement in the role of women, the shoe
development also experienced drastic changes in the form of styles, designs,
colours, and form. It has been confirmed from the past record and evidence of
shoe development that role of women have been reflected in their footwear. A
number of female activists played a dynamic role in lifting up the role of the
women in the fashion industry. However, some of the opponents challenged the
concept that females were supposed to spend their times in the private realm
and the perfect traditional house, which frequently lined them to tyrannical
relations; females have attained a place and supremacy in the modern society of
the 21st century.