Life university. At age of 56 she is

course theory concentrates on how a
person’s early lifetime decisions or events have effects on his/her own future.  Such as studying or getting a job, choosing
life partner and getting married etc. Perspective also underlines how important
family life, environment of person, circumstances those individuals in it and
processes that influences individual’s development. Historical times and places
are important for life course perspective which is also shaping individual’s
development. My personal opinion, Up series is the best-describing for Life
Course Theory. Michael Apted, directed the documentary from 1964. Individuals talked
about their goals, dreams, and their fears. Every 7 years they visited
individuals how they are changing and this continued until they become 56 years
old. Series displays that, with the time, how individuals change; physically,
emotionally, cognitively, psychologically, behavioural, their health, their
goals, life expectancies, life styles, how life conditions affecting their
choices, opportunities that given to them and constrains in their life. I would
like to; give information regarding to their life and link with the basic forms
of Life Course Theory.


She got married at the age of 24. And she had 2
children. According to her when you get married there are things that you miss
such as being yourself and you are not single being anymore. At the age of 28
she admits about getting marriage that primary aim was having child. She was
divorced 34 years old. Sue worked in different jobs such as travel agency, pat
time building society, when she was 49 she was administer of post graduate
programme. She loved this job and she likes having responsibilities. Since
school time she wished to do drama and in her later life she did it. She did
not study but she is in the centre of university. At age of 56 she is grateful
with her life and she did not say ” I wish if I do this” , according to her
she has home, she can feed herself enough, when she get retired she can travel
and rest of her life she is hopeful for the future. At the beginning of video
Lynn, Sue, Jackie was together, they went to same school in London. When they
were 35 years old they all agreed that they did not have choice and afford to
study. Theory focuses on continuity and change. Sue was not stable in her life.
She could not study because of economic situation. But she was putting goals to
herself and trying to do her best in her life. Her parents were with her when
she divorced. Being alone was affecting her negatively.
Avison, Ali and Walters’
study in 2007 indicated that single mothers were facing with more problematic
situations (finance, work-home balance). That’s why principle of ”linked lives” was affective
in her hard times. Connection with the family made her strong. She constructed
her own life. With the constraints that she had in her life she compensated
things. She was not able to study but after years she was administer.


He grew up in care place. He was child of divorced
parent. He was dreaming of happily marriage. He was not stable with his
decisions about school or what do in his life. when he was 7 he wanted to be a
police, when he was he 14 wanted to be physic teacher. He ended with
construction worker. He got married and at the age of 28 he already had 2
children. His children got married and they became a big family. When they were
in 20s with his wife they sold everything and travelled to Australia. They were
close and rely on each other. At the age of 56 he said that ”it was my choice,
not to go to the university, I just worked hard enough” and he continued ” I
do not understand is I am getting old. Psychically I feel tired when I try to
something I am hurting my muscle, its reminding me that I am getting old. When
I work it helps me and I do not feel sick. Enjoying with grandchildren, being
together and no tragedy is important”. He is also grateful in his life like
Sue. But since he was small he dreamed for happily marriage and he did. Early life
events have influnces on future life (White & Klein, 2007). He
was not consistent on his education but according to him, he chose not to go to
school and hard worked in other field. Changing is life long process. Over time
physically he changed. He was not regret of his choices. These choices
constructed his life.


His dream was going to Oxford. He started to study at
university but he dropped after the first term. When he was 21 he was working
in buildings as worker at this age he wanted to be somewhere important. At the
age of 28 he did not have money and he was homeless. For him it was horrible
thing to stay homeless. When he was 42 he was liberal democrat. He felt like he
was achieving something and he felt strong. His weakness was not doing anything
in his life and his strength was continuity and changing himself. He said that
” no formal education prepare you what is coming next but life can prepare
you”. He is happy with his job and he is glad that he is representing people. He
was working and sharing his works with people but sometimes they were answering
him ”it is rubbish” he did not give up he was always trying. His family was
religious he went to church but age of 21 he is not sure if he believes in God
or not. He used like being active and changing things in this way he felt
happy. When he was 28 he did not see future for him and he thought to suicide.
I understand that getting reliable job and having home was very important for
him. He was thinking that he can help himself better than psychiatrist. He was
scared of getting old at the age of 28. When he got married he does not want to
have children because he thinks that children makes dirty and they are naughty.
Other reason for him not to have children is; children inherit something from
parents. He thinks that child will not be happy, because of him. He had
relationship but he does not trust himself on relationships. He was a happy
child but at the age of 28 he was referring the word ”happy” as a ”
difficult word”.  My opinion Neil is a
good example for ”you can do everything, believe in yourself”. In Nail’s life
history I see that opportunities are very important for development. If he had
the chance that having money and continuity of school there was nothing that he
cannot do. But he believed that life is a good teacher. He was not stable,
being stable was disturbing him. Emotionally he was down because of how hard
was his life. he did not get married and even he was not that social. He was
not hopeful for a relationship he was not trusting himself. These all were his
choices. And he shaped his life with his choice. He also chose to be childless.
In 2003, Nomaguchi and Milkie’ s study indicated that young adults without child,
exhibited better well-being than who have child. However Neil was childless and
he was not feeling well. Because every individual differs from each other. In
sue’s case her children were affecting positively of her well-being. Neil was
feeling happy when he was with his friends. Individuals happier when they are
with others (Pavot, Diener, & Fujita, 1990).


He grew in orphanage. He had mom but he did not see
his dad. When he was 21 he said that he has good relationship with his mom just
like friend. When he was 35 his mom died because of cancer. He has unspoken
words to his mom such as ”I love you”. His mom and dad was not married
because of that people looked at him weird. He got married at the age of 28 and
he had 5 children. He gave everything that he has because he did not take
anything from his dad he does not what his child live the same things. When he
was 35 he divorced. Firstly he could not see his children later he started to
only 3 of his children. When he was 42 he was married with someone else and he
had a child with her. He had good relationships with his children all the time.
By 49 years old with his wife they started to train themselves( they will look
after children who needs help). He thinks that foster parenting is like chance,
you do not know what kind of person you are getting. He also thinks that all
children want to be loved first everything else comes later. Symon and his wife
support each other all the time. At the age of 7 he said that ” when I want to
work l will walk around and look for the job”. When he was 14 he wanted to be
actor later he changed to the electric engineering. Age of 21 he was working in
freezer room. He said that I am not going to be here for long time he does this
for money. he does not care what he is doing, he likes hard work. Later when
factory closed he  changed his job to
moving boxes at the airport. He said that even if he goes back nothing would
change because he is a lazy person. He wanted to be accounted but he did not
like office atmosphere and he was stuck with the airport job.  Although they were different he was happy with
his second wife. He thinks that when he retires he will become old. Learning
from mistakes is important for him. According to his speech he has positive
life. He is happy and optimistic. Theory focuses on also normative and
non-normative events on  individual’s
life.  As non-normative event for Symon
his mom’s death was very sad event for him. He lost his job, he could not see
his children for a while and he did not know his father. However normative life
events of Symon made him happier (He got married again and he had children). I
understand that he did not enough satisfied with his job, he was complaining
such as office is boring and he was not happy with airport job. He was a lazy
person and if he could study she would do better and feel happier I guess. He
did not see his father and he fulfilled this gap with being nice to his
children. He did not see love from his caregiver, he felt he is in military
when he was in the orphanage. In this way he want to take train and do same
thing with his wife but caring children, loving them and helping them. In his
later life this idea made him feel he is doing something and he was active. His
early life shaped his choices such as having children and taking care of them,
being foster family.


In first series which is 7 Up he said that he wants to
go to Africa and teach children there. When Bruce was 14 years old his dad was
far away from him. Until at the age of 21 he did not have girlfriend.  In 28 Up he said that he wants to have a
family and he thinks he will be good at it. In 35 he was still single and he
was optimistic and hopeful for getting marriage. In 42 Up he was in
relationship. They were thinking having children would be weird after 42 years
old. In 49 Up they already had 2 children and they were all having fun
together. He said that children come before everything. In 56 Up l see that he
is religious because he took his children to school which gives lectures about
religion. Bruce wants from his children to have good balance in their life. He
does not want see them unhappy. He studied at Oxford University. In 28 Up he
was teaching in state school because he thinks that general education is good
for community and public schools help society get better. Later he went to
Bangladesh to give education there. Later he came back to London and he was the
head of some math school. In 49 Up he was teaching in independent school. He
was willing to push and educate. He was happy with his job. In 56 Up according
to his wife he does not expressing his feelings. When I watched his life
salient feature about him a stable life on focussing on his studying and work
for long process. He changed places and changed schools. He was not hopeful for
meeting with someone and he met. He was finding the idea of having children
would be weird and he had children, he was glad with that and he enjoyed it. As
his roles change, he was changing before he did not have children I could not
realise that he was social person but after his had children he started doing
activities as I understand. He had chance to study and he shaped his life according
to that. However I realized that he decided to take his children to religious
school. He was shaping his children’s environment with which religion that he
believes. My personal opinion is that he did not have to do this. He could give
chance them to think and let them choice which kind of school they want.


Change is inevitable. With the time according to opportunities
or constrains all participants changed their life. Some of them made real their
goals some of them could not. But majority of them was grateful for their life
and with the choices they made. Some of opportunities we cannot control and we
can change our decisions, life style place that we live in.  Just like Nick. In 28 Up he was thinking that
England does not seem to concern to train people like him. That’s why he went
to America and do research there. Historical times or economy of the country
was affecting their life also. Tony who is cap driver, because of crush they
were giving their money to government so government can spent. In 56 Up Lynn
lost her job because of crush she was almost retired but she could not retire. The
problem with majority was staying away from their parents and going to boarding
school. According to Life Course Theory early life event is affecting their future
life. I usually saw that when children do not have strong relationship with
parents, in their future life when they have children or child they are having
good relationship and supporting each other. While they are growing up they did
not utilize from the technology. Lack of technology was one of the constrains.