Patrick was an important figure in a secret

Patrick
Henry and David Matthews were influential people in their respective parties.
Patrick Henry was born on May 29, 1736, in Hanover County, Virginia. Henry was
a famous patriot who fought for freedom from the British (“Patrick Henry”).
Henry served as an official in the rebel army for nearly 30 years. His powerful
words inspired many to join the Patriots. His actions caused the start of a
revolution in Virginia. On the other hand, the fierce loyalist Matthews was
born in 1739 (“David Mathews”). He was an important figure in a secret group
that was planning to assassinate George Washington. Matthews was a lawyer and
politician who later served as the mayor of New York (“David Mathews”). The
fight between the loyalists and patriots was at its peak during the
Revolutionary War. Patrick Henry and the Patriots had many disagreements with
David Matthews, the British and the Loyalists.

At
first, the colonists enjoyed the protection of the British, especially during
the French and Indian War. The colonists were able to generate a profit by
trading goods with the British. The colonists saw themselves as equal to the
British, but Parliament expected the colonists to obey the rules they were
making, without any objections. The governor and the upper house of council was
appointed by the king of England. The difference in the government was one
reason that caused the colonists’ views to change. The excessive taxing by the
British caused the colonists to rebel. In 1764 and 1765, the British passed the
Sugar, Quartering, and Stamp Acts (“American Revolution”). The colonists
protested these taxes by arguing that they had no rights in Parliament, so
Parliament had no right to tax them. However, this made things even worse as
the British added more taxes. These events led to the formation of Patriots and
Loyalists.

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Patriots
were colonists who opposed the rule of Parliament and wanted independence (“American
Revolution”). As mentioned before, Patrick Henry was an especially strong
patriot and officer of the colonial army (“Patrick Henry”). Henry believed that
the government was meant for the people. Henry also believed that taxation took
away property from the colonists unfairly. The people should be able to protest
if they believed that the government was doing something wrong. Based on the
thoughts of John Locke from England, Henry wrote a radical document that was
called the Virginia Resolves. In this document, Henry argued that only the
colonial government had the authority to tax the colonists. The Virginia House
of Burgesses accepted many of his resolves and eight other states accepted
resolves that were similar to Henry’s. In the First Continental Congress, Henry
exclaimed, “Give me liberty, or give me death.” He also said, “The distinctions
between Virginians, Pennsylvanians, New Yorkers, and New Englanders are no more
(“Patrick Henry”).”

Loyalists
were “loyal” to the king and Parliament (“American Revolution”). Loyalists
consisted mainly of farmers and artisans. Moreover, Native Americans and
Indians joined the Loyalist and British cause because they wanted to prevent
the colonists from taking their land and moving west. They were placed in high
positions in Parliament and other governing positions. They were also in charge
of collecting the tax, keeping Parliament up to date with what was going on,
and doing the King’s bidding. Loyalists believed that the Patriot protests were
illegal, brutal, and unnecessary (“American Revolution”). A famous loyalist was
David Matthews. Matthews was mainly a loyalist because he feared opposition.
Matthews believed that if the Patriots resisted the king and Parliament, there
would be a war, and the colonists had no chance to win. He hated the Patriots
because they had shut down many Loyalist newspapers and burned down their
houses and offices (“David Mathews”).

The
colonists won the Revolutionary War and they wrote the Declaration of Independence.
David Matthews was put under house arrest for being a part of a secret club
which was plotting to kill George Washington (“David Mathews”). Patrick Henry
kept giving inspirational speeches about the new states and freedom (“Patrick
Henry”). In conclusion, the Patriots and the Loyalists had completely different
views and thoughts. The Patriots wanted freedom while the Loyalists wanted to
be part of Britain. Patrick Henry and David Matthews were leaders in promoting
their thoughts. Eventually, the Patriots outlasted the Loyalists and the
colonists obtained freedom.