The oak dressing table”, “a shelf of books”,

The play takes place in a one-room attic apartment at the top of a large Victorian house in  the Midlands of England. This large room serves as a house for Jimmy Porter, his wife Alison and his business partner and friend Cliff Lewis, who occupies a separate bedroom across the hall.The dull, oppressive and primitive atmosphere of the apartment reflect Jimmy’s disappointment over his life and marriage. The seclusion and isolation of characters’ from an outer world is symbolized by “two small low windows” (Osborne 9).The furniture in the flat is rather modest and outdated which includes: “a dark oak dressing table”, “a shelf of books”, “a small wardrobe”, “a sturdy dining table and three chairs”, “two deep, shabby leather armchairs” (Osborne 9). One can see that this is a typical way of how the lower class lived. Not very spacious at all. Much of the décor is old, run down and on the small side; something that would be considered “living on a shoestring” in the 21st century society.Jimmy – a working class owner of a candy stall rebukes his wife as he deems her his class enemy; contests Alison’s brother Nigel who is a part of Parliament and an Etonian; criticizes the “posh” Sunday newspapers and reproaches Alison’s mother for their upper-class habits by declaring “that old bitch should be dead!” (Osborne 53).Jimmy respects his father for battling in Spain opposed to Franco and has great honor for his working-class friend Hugh Tanner, as well as his mother who assisted him in constructing the stall which became the main source of his income.John Peck and Martin Coyle make the following statement regarding Jimmy’s character analysis in A Brief History of English Literature: “For Jimmy, the old structure has disappeared, and the result is that he is an isolated figure without any place” (271). The domestic space suggests that Jimmy is attached to the old and he thrives to get it back.Helena made the following discovery about Jimmy: “He was born out of his time. That is why he is so futile. He doesn’t know where he is, or where he’s going” (Osborne 90).  Jimmy was caught in his personal problems of social identity because he did not suit anywhere. One-room flat where he resides symbolizes Jimmy’s seclusion and dislike towards British society. He placed himself in a box and by doing so became alienated from an outside world. Jimmy is annoyed by the monotonicity of the life that repeats the same sequence of daily routine every weekend and is immersed in cleaning and ironing clothes by Alison first who was then replaced by Jimmy’s mistress Helena who also duplicated all the household chores Alison was responsible for: “Helena is standing down L. leaning over the ironing board, a small pile of clothes beside her” (Osborne 75).These expectations of men from women depict men’s superiority and power over women who were expected to be obedient and submissive housewives in the 1950s England.In the scholarly journal article “Anger, Nostalgia, and the End of Empire: John Osborne’s ‘Look Back in Anger’.”, Nandi Bhatia stated that: “When placed against the backdrop of a time marked by a shrinking number of jobs, increased immigration from the ex-colonies, and an increasing awareness of race relations in a postcolonial Britain in the 1950s that had to redefine itself as a declining world power, a rereading of Look Back in Anger reveals that Jimmy Porter’s (and Osborne’s) pro-imperial attitude is not produced in a vacuum but derives from a particular historical moment in Britain (392). Bhatia’s quote justifies Jimmy’s hostility and anger towards 1950s Britain as it was marked by high unemployment rates, intensified immigration accompanied by racial issues and Jimmy became the victim of these societal economic changes: “I learnt at an early age what it was to be angry – angry and helpless. And I can never forget it” (Osborne 58). He had to face and cope with his father’s tormenting death when he was 10 which left a permanent scar on his personality.He was rejected any significant role in the British society and its content banality exasperates him. His existence is worthless because upper class has a superior treatment while the lower working class is omitted from all the power.Alison’s indifference and unresponsiveness demoralize 1950s British society as a whole. Alienation occurs between Jimmy and Alison as she was not enthusiastic about having a profound connection during their sexual intercourse: “Not a sound, not a flicker from her – she doesn’t even rumble a little” (Osborne 38). She let Jimmy use her body to fulfill his carnal lusts with her mind and thoughts being completely distant and detached from the whole process.Osborne creates metaphorical symbols of bear and squirrel to reflect Jimmy’s and Alison’s meaningless relations and the lack of desire to take responsibility for them: “A silly symphony for people who couldn’t bear the pain of being human beings any longer” (47).