The Major Waves of United States Immigration (1790-Present) The current cost to apprehending, detaining, processing, and transporting one individual is 23,480. No wonder the United States is in debt because they legit are wasting money that could be used to be paying off the debt they owe. Throughout this essay I will be explaining what, how and who was affected by the four major waves of US Immigration. After you have read this essay and you effectively understand each wave. You will see that the American story is an immigration story itself. In this paragraph, I will be giving a summary of US immigration, covering the pre-1790. The Indigenous Native Americans that crossed 1000s of years before on a land bridge from Alaska and were the first explorers in north America and Central and South America. In 1492 Christopher Columbus sailed the ocean blue and arrived in the Bahamas and Encountered a group of indigenous people called the airwak. Christopher Columbus took the airwak prisoners because he was greedy and the airwak were kind and curious. In some places, the meeting of Europeans and Native Americans was peaceful. In others, the cultures clashed, leading to violence and disease. Whole tribes were decimated by such newly introduced diseases as smallpox, measles, and the plague. The first wave happened between 1607-1830 and the immigration total was 1.2 million. The first successful colony in America was established in 1607 in Jamestown Virginia by english settlers. Slaves from Africa and the Caribbean were brought forcibly into the New World as early as 1619. In 1620 British, German and Dutch puritans came to north america to search for better opportunities and to escape religious protection. In 1806 there was small amounts of immigrants coming because of the hostilities between England and Napoleon’s France that disrupted atlantic shipping lanes. British immigration became slower during the war of 1812. Then in 1814 Immigrants from great Britain, Ireland, and Western Europe picked up again. There were no restrictions or requirements for immigration until 1819 when a federal law was passed making everybody who came in after and undocumented alien. The second wave of US immigration was from 1820-1880. The immigrants who came to the United States during this time frame were, the Irish, Chinese and european immigrants. The Germans left their country to come to the US, because of the lack of political freedom they had in Germany. The Chinese came due to poverty, war and the gold rush in California. The Irish came for economic reasons because they went through the Potato Famine, it caused a combination of starvation and emigration. The immigrants were welcomed neighbors while the economy was strong but during the Civil War, both the Union and Confederate armies relied on their strength. But during hard times, the immigrants were cast out and accused of stealing jobs from American workers. The Irish and Germans became the first immigrant groups to experience widespread hostility and organized opposition because of the existing Anglo-American society in religion and culture. There was a great decline in immigration during the third wave between the time frame of 1880-1930. The immigrants who came during this time frame, came from Northwestern Southern and Eastern Europe like the British Isles, Germany, and Scandinavia, Italy, Russia, Austro-Hungary. The diverse crowd of immigrants came to America for democracy, freedom of religion, available land for farming and housing, Economic Opportunity and job opportunities such as working in Industries like steel and making railroads. Immigrants such as people from Southern and Eastern Europe left their native land due to lack of job opportunities and scarce food rations, lack of available farmland being replaced with machinery and religious persecution of Russian Jews who fled their Villages after pogroms. After arriving in United States the new immigrants that came in experienced hatred and were filled with accusations. They had to deal with with being accused of stealing jobs and had to deal with nativists groups and acts like the Chinese Exclusion Act, which restricted immigration from China. They also had no aid from the government but did have aid from the aid society,churches and ethnic organizations. They lived in poor neighborhoods and had a lack of immigrants which caused a great decline in the economy and put America into a depression. The fourth wave of immigration was from 1965 up to the present day. These immigrants consisted of Mexicans, Philippines, Koreans, people from the Dominican Republic, Indians, Cubans, Vietnamese, and Canadians. A majority of these immigrants came due to economic opportunity and politics freedom as well as jet aircraft being a newer cheaper and faster way to travel. Many also came for low paying jobs that they could easily gain since no one wanted those jobs. There were acts such as the Immigrant reform and Control Act (IRCA) that tried putting a stop to massive amounts of immigrants entering illegally. The immigrants that came scattered in mainly seven states; California, Florida, Texas, Illinois, Pennsylvania, New York and New Jersey. Much like the IRCA. There was Immigration and naturalization Act which happened before the Johnson, ending the racist national origins quota system that only favored northwestern european immigrants. This new law had new criteria for immigrants to reach in order for them to enter. This criteria included of family reunification, individual talents and skills, and refugee status. This new law also included increased the amount of immigrants allowed to enter the US was up to 300,000 a year. To this day, immigrants have greatly shaped the way our community and culture is like. Immigrants have brighten up rundown, depressed cities. They’ve brought a wide religious diversity and new ethnics. As well as given a diversity in food. Immigration has not only shaped and made an impact on America, it has brought much diversity into everything we have now from food up to religion. They’ve made America what it is now. To this day there is such strong hate towards immigrants when they are no different than us. Looking back at each wave of immigration there was a common thread. No matter what year and time for it was immigrants were always seen as bad people. But as I said before the American story is an immigration story itself.